There are many methods of in-clinic abortion procedures. The type of abortion used depends on the stage of pregnancy and the size of the unborn child. If you are pregnant, you do have options and you do not have to make your decision alone. We are here to help. We at Options for Pregnancy can connect you to professional and kind help where you can discuss all your options and find the best option for you.
Types of Abortion Procedures:
Most surgical methods of abortion require the dilation of the cervix. A series of metal dilators (curved metallic instruments) are inserted into the cervix to increase its size of the cervix quickly. Please note that this premature stretching of the cervix can result in permanent physical injury to the mother.
The type of surgical abortion used depends on the stage of the pregnancy.
At 3-8 Weeks:
- Suction Aspiration: This is the most common type of abortion during the fist eight weeks of pregnancy. The mother is given anesthesia and her cervix is quickly dilated. A hollow tube with a knife-edged tip is inserted into the uterus. This instrument is then connected to a vacuum machine by a transparent tube. The vacuum suction, tears the fetus and placenta into small pieces that are sucked through the tube into a bottle. Medical Risks
- Dilation & Curettage (D & C): a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy up to 16 weeks. It is also referred to as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration. This method is similar to the suction method with the added insertion of a hook shaped knife that cuts the baby into pieces. The pieces are scraped out through the cervix and discarded. Medical Risks
At 16 Weeks:
- Dilation & Evacuation (D & E): a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy after 16 weeks gestation. This method is similar to the suction method with the added insertion of a hook shaped knife, which cuts the baby into pieces. The pieces are scraped out through the cervix and discarded. Medical Risks
- Induction Abortion: a surgical procedure where a long needle inserted through the mother’s abdomen into the baby’s sac. Salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is injected into the amniotic sac. The baby swallows this fluid, is poisoned and dies. The mother will go into labor within twenty four hours and give birth to a dead baby. Please note: In some circumstances these babies have been born alive. Medical Risks
At 6 Months:
- Prostaglandin Chemical Abortion: Chemicals are used to cause the uterus to contract intensely, pushing out the developing baby. Since these contractions are more intense than natural contractions, the baby is usually killed by the contractions. Medical Risks
- Hysterectomy or Caesarean Section: Used mainly in the last three months of pregnancy, the womb is entered by surgery through the wall of the abdomen. This is similar to a C-section delivery, but in these procedures the umbilical cord is usually cut while the baby is still in the womb, thus cutting off his oxygen supply and causing suffocation. Medical Risks
If you are interested in discussing any of these methods, or alternatives, please call Options for Pregnancy to be connected to a clinic or center in your area.